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Judeo-Latin, or La‘az is the presumed Jewish language of the many scattered Jewish communities of the former Roman Empire, but especially by the Jewish communities of the Italian Peninsula and Transalpine Gaul. "La`az" (לעז) is Hebrew for "foreign language" (i.e., specifically, "non-Hebrew language").

It has been posited that Judeo-Latin is the predecessor of all the Judeo-Romance languages, although strong phonological evidence for this link is found primarily in Shuadit (Judeo-Provençal). This theory holds that Shuadit and Zarphatic grew out of two variants of La‘az ha-Ma‘rav (western Judeo-Latin) and that Judeo-Italian grew out of La‘az ha-Darom (southern Judeo-Latin). The relationship to Catalanic, Ladino and Judæo-Portuguese is much more tenuous.

Judeo-Latin likely influenced not only the Judeo-Romance languages, but also the Yiddish language and Rotwelsch,

through its posited daughter languages, Judeo-Italian, Shuadit and Zarphatic.

מקורות אפשריים[]

  1. כתובות על קטקומבות יהודיות ברומא 534 במספר.
  2. ספר הערוך הכולל ביטויים בניב זה כמו:אבלינה, אבולוסטוס ועוד
  3. ואולי החשוב ביותר: ‫ פומיס, דוד בן יצחק ‬

צמח דוד / ... חברו ... דוד רופא ופילוסוף מעיר ספוליטי ... ממשפחת התפוחים פרש בקצור בשלשה לשונות כל שורש מלה ומלה שמצא בספר הערוך ובשרשים ... מתורגמן ותשבי ... ‬ Alternate title ‫ צמח דוד [משאב אלקטרוני] ‬ On t.p. also: Dittionario novo Hebraico, molto copioso, dechiarato in tre lingue : con bellissime annotationi, etc. / David de Pomis. Imprint Venetijs : Apud Ioannem de Gara, 1587. בהצלחה דניאל ונטורה

Related languages[]

The historical relationships between the various Judeo-Romance languages is subject to debate, and are only tenuously demonstrable at best. These languages include:

  • Catalanic (Judeo-Catalan)
  • Judeo-Italian
  • Judeo-Aragonese
  • Judeo-Portuguese
  • Ladino (Judeo-Spanish)
  • Shuadit (Judeo-Provençal)
  • Zarphatic (Judeo-French)